(lubavitch.com) The Jewish community united in mourning Tuesday, upon the passing of Rabbi David B. Hollander. Rabbi Hollander, who at his death was the leader of the Hebrew Alliance in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, also served as rabbi at the Mount Eden Synagogue in the Bronx and was the former president of the Rabbinical Council of America. The 96-year old was the oldest full-time pulpit rabbi in the world.
An outspoken, fearless activist on behalf of Judaism, Rabbi Hollander took his activisim out of the synagogue and into the broader Jewish community. He made his first visit to the Soviet Union in 1956, reaching out to Jews living under the stranglehold of communism, and earned a reputation for his tireless efforts to promote yiddishkeit.
Born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1913, Rabbi Hollander immigrated with his family to New York when he was nine years old. During his teenage years, he attended Brooklyn Law School and also studied with Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik at Yeshiva University. Soon after commencement, the new graduate realized that he could make a bigger difference as a rabbi than as a law clerk.
The youthful Rabbi Hollander took the helm of the Mount Eden Center in the Bronx. A gifted orator, he found the pulpit to be the perfect forum from which to lead the battle against assimilation and Jewish apologetics. His Shabbat speeches, delivered with a fiery passion, reflected his unwavering commitment to traditional Torah Judaism.
Hollander's outspoken nature did not always win him friends. Throughout his long career, he would remain a somewhat controversial figure – a position that came with great personal sacrifice. As his long time personal friend, Rabbi Faivel Rimler, rabbi of the New Brighton Jewish Center and Chabad’s representative to Manhattan Beach noted: "It would pain him when others would distance themselves from him due to his ideology. In the end, however, he always remained true to his beliefs."
His fight, Rabbi Hollander often noted, was an ideological battle against deception, not one against people. "He saw no classes within Judaism," Mrs. Fay Hollander related to Lubavitch.com shortly before his funeral. "To my husband there was only one Torah, and every Jew had a place in it."
Rabbi Hollander's speeches and personality appealed to the broader rabbinic community. In 1954 he was elected President of the prestigious Rabbinical Council of America—one of the world's largest organizations of Orthodox rabbis. The position, which lasted two years, became a springboard for one of his other great causes: his pioneering work in aid of Soviet Jewry. It was to this end that he led a delegation of Rabbis to Moscow in the summer of 1956, when Jews in the Soviet Union still hid under the shadow of the Kremlin and the legacy of Stalin's bitterly anti-Semitic policies. It was a testament to Rabbi Hollander’s tenacity, then, that a rabbinic delegation was allowed to visit.
Rabbi Hollander took inspiration from the Lubavitcher Rebbe, seeking his guidance before his visit to Moscow. At the time, the Rebbe led one of the only underground Jewish organizations in the country. The meeting would help build Hollander's longstanding partnership with Chabad, working to better their Brooklyn community, and fortify his connection with the Rebbe.
While in Russia, Rabbi Hollander and his delegation met with the rabbi of the Moscow Choral synagogue, Rabbi Shlomo Schliffer, and Premier Kruschev. Their trip across the USSR allowed, amongst other things, the printing of 5,000 much needed prayerbooks for the local Jewish population.
Returning to America, Hollander set out to help raise awareness for the plight of Soviet Jewry. In 1957 he successfully petitioned the Soviet Embassy to let another Soviet Rabbi, Rabbi Levin, visit New York. Advertisements were placed in the New York Times announcing the historic trip, and that Shabbat hundreds packed the synagogue to hear the visiting Rabbi speak.
In the 1980s, the Bronx Jewish community began to dwindle and give way to changing demographics. Hollander, then 70, mentioned the idea of retirement to the Lubavitcher Rebbe. The Rebbe admonished Hollander, drawing parallels to his own leadership of the Chabad movement and his decision to open 71 new institutions on his 70th birthday. “I am older than you are and I take on additional burdens,” said the Rebbe. “By what right do you retire? The Rabbinate is for life!"
Rabbi Hollander became the rabbi of the Hebrew Alliance in Brighton Beach. Tapping into Brighton Beach's growing Russian immigrant population, he partnered with Chabad's Friends of Refugees of Eastern Europe (known by the acronym F.R.E.E.) to initiate several education and social projects. The childless Rabbi took a special interest in family celebrations, making special effort to attend circumcisions and bar-mitzvahs. Even in his later years, Rabbi Hollander made the six-block trek to synagogue on a regular basis. When climbing to the second-floor sanctuary became too difficult for him, the congregation moved services to the main floor so that their beloved rabbi could lead.
Rabbi David Okunov, the Associate Director at F.R.E.E. recalls a particular episode in Hollander's move from the Bronx. When the Mount Eden Synagogue was being dismantled, Rabbi Hollander transported the plaques commemorating deceased members, to his new community. "These aren't just plaques,” he stated, “they are neshamos," (Yiddish for souls). "These are people who need to be remembered!"
Rabbi Hollander, who is survived by his wife of 61 years, Fay, was remembered by well over 1000 people at his Tuesday funeral. He is buried in Jerusalem.
Photo Credit: Friends of Refugees of Eastern Europe (F.R.E.E.)